Kumbhalgarh


In Rana Kumbha's time the kingdom of Mewar spread from Ranthambore to Gwalior, including vast tracts of present-day Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Mewar's rulers became patrons of all that was best in Indian martial and fine arts, architecture, and learning. Of the 84 fortresses defending Mewar, 32 were designed and built by Rana Kumbha. Of these, Kumbhalgarh with its 36-kilometer long wall and soaring towers is the most impressive. Kumbhalgarh stands on the site of an ancient citadel dating back to the second century AD belonging to a Jain descendant of India's Mauryan emperors. It defined the boundaries between Mewar and Marwar and became a refuge for Mewar's rulers in times of strife. Its steel gray ramparts encircle the fertile Shero Mallah Valley, with ancient monuments cenotaphs, ponds and flourishing farms. Kumbhalgarh fell only once in its history, to the combined forces of Emperor Akbar, Raja Man Singh of Amber, and Raja Udai Singh of Amber, and Raja Udai Singh of Marwar.

Kumbalgarh is a famous historic town of Rajasthan, located at about 85 km from Udaipur. Situated in the laps of the ancient Aravali Mountain Ranges, Kumbalgarh is known for its 15th century Kumbalgarh Fort - the highest and considered as the most formidable in Rajasthan. Even the mighty Mughals couldn't capture it alone, and it took the combined armies of Delhi, Amber and Marwar to breach its defenses. Standing majestically on a 1,914m high ridge and representing the past glory of the Rajput rulers, the Fort also provides a panoramic view of the countryside from the top. Visit the historic town of Kumbalgarh and explore the magnificent Fort Complex - with beautiful palaces, gardens and temples on your Kumbalgarh Tour with India Tours and Packages.

The major tourist attractions in Kumbalgarh include the 15th century Kumbalgarh Fort -encompassed by a 36 km long wall with seven huge gates and ramparts, one within the other. Badal Mahal (Palace of the Cloud) - the most magnificent among palaces, known for its beautiful apartments painted with delicate pastel-colored murals and the Fateh Prakash Palace - with a durbar hall has the advanced ventilation systems of the toilets and the chimney systems of the kitchen complex. In addition, there are numerous temples in the complex, including a Shiva Temple, the Neelkantha Temple and Kumbhaswamy Temple. You can also visit the Haldighati - the scene of the famous battle of 1576 fought between Maharana Pratap Singh and the massive forces of the Akbar, the great Mughal emperor. Besides, you can enjoy day excursions to Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary and the Ranakpur Jain Temples (50 km), on your tours to Kumbalgarh.

The fort is self-contained and has within its amalgam almost everything to withstand a long siege. The fort fell only once that too to the combined armies of Mughal and of Amber for scarcity of drinking water. Many magnificent palaces an array of temples built by the Mauryas of which the most picturesque place is the Badal Mahal or the palace of the clouds.

The fort also offers a superb birds view of the surroundings. The fort's thick wall stretches some 36 kms and is wide enough to take eight horses abreast. Maharana Fateh Singh renovated the fort in the 19th century. The fort's large compound has very interesting ruins and the walk around it can be very rewarding.

The Kumbhalgarh Fort also has a great significance by being the birthplace of Maharana Pratap and as the finest examples of defensive fortification in Rajasthan. The most interesting part is that this fort has a fort within itself. Named Kartargarh, the inner fort has a palace built by Maharana Fateh Singh after he had pulled down the old palace built by Rana Kumbha. Some remains of the old palace are still there below the new one which includes the portion that had been occupied by Prithvi Raj. Kartargarh has 365 temples and shrines including one with a huge Shivlinga dedicated to Lord Shiva. The sanctuary is famous for it's wildlife which includes- wolf, leopard, jackal and a variety of birds. The sanctuary is one of the few parks that allows people on horseback. Udaipur is the nearest domestic airport. One can take flights to other important tourist destinations of the region like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Aurangabad, Mumbai, and Delhi. The nearest international airport is in Delhi. Udaipur is also the nearest railway station from Kumbhalgarh. There are trains for Delhi, Chittaur, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Jodhpur from Udaipur. There are several buses from Udaipur to Kumbhalgarh. From Udaipur buses for many important places to its north and west can be taken.

 

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