Pench National Park


Pench is a yet another well known Tiger reserve, located in state border of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The area of park lies in Madhya Pradesh comes under Seoni & Chhindwara district. The total area of the Reserve is 757.89 km² of which, the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, forming the core zone of the Reserve covers 292.85 km², and the Mowgli Pench Wildlife Sanctuary is 118.30 km² in area. A Buffer Zone constituted by Reserved Forests, Protected Forests and Revenue land, occupies 346.73 km². The habitat is contiguous on the south with the 257.26 km² of the Pench Tiger Reserve,. Named after the river that flows nearby, Pench was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1977, National Park in 1983 and Tiger Reserve 1992, Pench was included under the umbrella of "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve. 

Famous writer Rudyard Kipling got inspiration from same national park to write “The Jungle Book”.

The forest cover in the park area includes grand Teak (Tectona grandis) mixed with other magnificent species like saja (Terminalia tomentosa), bija (Pterocarpus marsupium), lendia (Lagerstroemia parviflora), haldu (Adina cardifolia), dhaora (Anogeissus latifolia), salai (Boswellia serrata), aonla (Emblica officinalis), amaltas (Cassia fistula), etc. The ground is covered with maze of grasses, plants, bushes and saplings Bamboo is also found at places. Dazzling white kulu (Sterculia urens) trees scattered around stand out conspicuously among the various hues of green.

Tiger is the main cat species of the park present in good numbers but sighted infrequently. Commonly seen wildlife is chital, sambhar, nilgai, wild boar, and jackal. Other wild animals found are leopard, sloth bear, wild dog, porcupine, jungle cat, fox, striped hyena, gaur, Chowsingha and barking deer. There are more than 170 species of birds including several migratory ones. Some of them are peafowl, jungle fowl, crow pheasant, crimson-breasted barbet, red-vented bulbul, racket-tailed Drongos, magpie robin, lesser whistling teal, pintail, shoveler, egret and herons. The large Pench reservoir within the park with its numerous islands provides a magical setting for boating. Motorboats, Paddleboats and rowboats are available for the tourists at Chhindimatta. Rafting can be done in the Pench river outside the park between 1st September and 15th October. The forested banks of the river along with rocky stretches of the river locally called kassa make for an adventurous, memorable experience. For rafting, contact park staff at Karmajhiri.

Pench national park has 3 entrance gates but the most popular one is Turia gate which is 13km. away from Khawasa state border(NH-7) of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Nearest airport and railway station is in Nagpur city(100 km.). Jabalpur is about 200 km. away from Pench (Turai gate) and Kanha national park (Kisli gate) is about 250 km. Chindwara is about 65 km. but via Seoni is 120 km. prominent hotels available here are Taj’s “Baghvan”, Pench Jungle Camp, and Mogwli’s Den.

The Pench National Park in the borders of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra is one of the most well known of wildlife sanctuaries in India. Spread over around 758 sq kms of tropical deciduous forests, there is a rich conservation history of the Pench National Park. It was included under the 'Tiger Conservation Project' in 1992 when the Pench Tiger Reserve was created, which became the 19th Tiger Reserve of the world. The wildlife conservation in Pench National Park is carried out through vast areas of Reserve Forests, protected forest areas and buffer zones. The Total Reserve area at the Pench national park is 757.86 sq km.

In 1951, the Bombay Wild Animals and Wild Birds Act was established which was extended to the Vidarbha region since 1961. It prohibited hunting every year from April to the End of October. It also asked for registration of arm license holders with the Wildlife Preservation Officer. The Government of Maharashtra soon declared the area as the Pench National Park while the Indian Government declared it the Pench Tiger Reserve in 1992. This was aimed to maintain a healthy tiger population.

The Pench National Park is located in the Seoni district of Southern Madhya Pradesh and it continues in Maharashtra. It is the 19th Tiger Reserve in India and one of the most thrilling and significant of wildlife sanctuaries in India. It is here that Rudyard Kipling got the inspiration to write the epic tale of Jungle Book. It is visited by a number of tourists and the best time for tours to Pench is during the summers. The Climate in Pench National park is tropical with extremes of climates. The ideal time to visit the park is between November and February while it is during April and June that the chances of spotting a tiger are more when they come close the water holes for a drink.

The Pench National park experiences a tropical kind of a climate and there are drastic variations in the climatic conditions In Pench. It has hot summers and cold winters. Early July experiences heavy rainfall and the rainy season continues for the next two months. The average rainfall annually is around 1300 mm in the months of July and August during when the national park is shut down. It is the winters which are the most comfortable months though it is not the best time for any exclusive wildlife viewing. The minimum and maximum temperatures recorded in Pench National Park are 4° C and 40.5° C respectively. The winters also experiences chilly wintry winds that lowers the winter climate in Pench National Park.

The Pench National Park
in Maharashtra is positioned at the bottom of the Satpura Ranges and beside the huge blue stretch of the Pench River. The entire area of the park in Pench falls under the Project Tiger enforced by the Government. The major objective of the setting up the tiger project in the Pench National Park is to assure a secure reproduction ground for the tigers in order to provide them with a chance to breed and increase in number quietly.

The tigers belonging to the Wildlife in Pench are seen frequently along the Pench River as they get a concentration of the prey there. Leopards also are seen frequently in this part. Other animals like Jungle Cats, Leopard Cats, small Indian Civets and palm Civets are found in the Pench National Park.

The Wildlife in Pench includes animals like Sambar, Cheetal, Nilgai, Jackals, Wild Dogs, Sloth Bear, Chinkara, Langoors, Rhesus Monkeys, and many more.

There are 210 species of birds belonging to the Wildlife in Pench.